• Blue sky law - A State Law in the United States

    A blue sky law is a state law in the United States that regulates the offering and sale of securities to protect the public from fraud. Though the specific provisions of these laws vary among states, they all require the registration of all securities offerings and sales, as well as of stockbrokers and brokerage firms.
  • Initial Public Offering - Stock Market Launch

    An initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering where shares of stock in a company are sold to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time. Through this process, a private company transforms into a public company. Initial public offerings are used by companies to raise expansion capital, to possibly monetize the investments of early private investors, and to become publicly traded enterprises.
  • Balance of Payments - Accounting Record of all Monetary Transactions

    Balance of payments (BoP) accounts are an accounting record of all monetary transactions between a country and the rest of the world. These transactions include payments for the country's exports and imports of goods, services, financial capital, and financial transfers. The BoP accounts summarize international transactions for a specific period, usually a year, and are prepared in a single currency,
  • Mergers and Acquisitions - An aspect of corporate strategy

    Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and management dealing with the buying, selling, dividing and combining of different companies and similar entities that can help an enterprise grow rapidly in its sector or location of origin, or a new field or new location, without creating a subsidiary, other child entity or using a joint venture.
  • Foreign Exchange Market - The Currency Market

    The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a form of exchange for the global decentralized trading of international currencies. Financial centers around the world function as anchors of trading between a wide range of different types of buyers and sellers around the clock, with the exception of weekends.

Common Stock - A Form of Corporate Equity Ownership

Common_stock Common stock is a form of corporate equity ownership, a type of security. The terms "voting share" or "ordinary share" are also used in other parts of the world; common stock being primarily used in the United States. It is called "common" to distinguish it from preferred stock. If both types of stock exist, common stock holders cannot be paid dividends until all

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Net Asset Value - Value of the Total Equity

Net_asset_value Net asset value (NAV) is the value of an entity's assets less the value of its liabilities, often in relation to open-end or mutual funds, since shares of such funds registered with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission are redeemed at their net asset value. This may also be the same as the book value or the equity value of a business. Net asset value may represent the value of the total

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Venture Capital - Financial capital in the initial stage

Venture capital (VC) is financial capital provided to early-stage, high-potential, high risk, growth startup companies. The venture capital fund makes money by owning equity in the companies it invests in, which usually have a novel technology or business model in high technology industries, such as biotechnology, IT & software. The typical venture capital investment occurs after the seed funding round as the first round of institutional

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Balance Sheet - Statement of Financial Position

Balance_sheet In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position is a summary of the financial balances of a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation or other business organization, such as an LLC or an LLP. Assets, liabilities & ownership equity are listed as of a specific date, such as the end of its financial year. A balance sheet is often described as a "

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Leveraged Buyout - An Acquisition

Leveraged_buyout A leveraged buyout (LBO) is an acquisition (usually of a company but, can also be single assets such as a real estate property) where the purchase price is financed through a combination of equity & debt & in which the cash flows or assets of the target are used to secure & repay the debt. Since the debt, be it senior or mezzanine, always has a lower cost of capital than the equity, the

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Investment banking

An investment bank is a financial institution that assists individuals, corporations, & governments in raising capital by underwriting and/or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.

Mergers and acquisitions

Mergers & acquisitions (abbreviated M & A) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance & management dealing with the buying, selling, dividing & combining of different companies

Hedge fund

Hedge funds are private, actively managed investment funds. They invest in a diverse range of markets, investment instruments, & strategies & are subject to the regulatory restrictions of their country.

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